Mt. Everest is the tallest mountain in the world at 29,029 feet (8,850 meters). It is located in Nepal. There are many different types of climbing routes up Mt. Everest including but not limited to: Lhotse Face Route; Annapurna Circuit; South Col route; North Ridge Route; East Ridge Route; West Ridge Route and many others.
The most famous climbers on Mt. Everest are Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay. They were both Sherpas, or Nepalese mountaineers who worked together to climb the mountain. The two men reached the summit of Mount Everest in 1953 after a grueling 14-month journey from Camp II on the mountain’s south side. Their achievement was recognized by President Dwight D.
Eisenhower, who awarded them medals of honor and made their names known around the world.
Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay were both experienced mountaineers who had climbed other mountains before. But they wanted to do something new, so they decided to attempt the first ascent of Mt. Everest without supplemental oxygen supplies. They relied on their own physical strength and endurance to make it up the mountain, which took them nearly four years. After reaching the top of Mt.
Everest, they summited back down the mountain by helicopter in 1963.
Currently, more than 3,000 people have successfully summitted Mount Everest. The majority of them travel with a guide for safety reasons. There are currently more than 200 deaths on record from people who have attempted to climb the mountain. More women have made successful summits of the mountain than men, but there are more deaths among men on average. This is thought to be due to men typically attempting the climb without the benefit of oxygen.
There are several routes up the mountain, but the two most common are the South Col Route and the North Col Route. You can also take the West Ridge to the Summit or the Kangshung Face, which is on the east side of the mountain. The South Col route is typically attempted by novices and people trying to Summit without supplemental oxygen. It starts at the south base camp at 17,500 feet. The North Col route is also popular because it cuts off the corner of the mountain instead of going straight up the middle.
It starts at the North base camp at 19,500 feet.
The West Ridge to the Summit route starts at Camp II at 21,000 feet and follows a ridge up toward the summit. This is typically considered a difficult climb, but there is less traffic on this route since it takes longer and is more dangerous than the others. The Kangshung Face, or east face of the mountain, is typically for people climbing without supplemental oxygen. The route starts at the east base camp at 15,000 feet.
Mt. Everest is known as “Qomolangma” in Tibet, “Chomolungma” in Nepal and “Xverest” in Western countries. It straddles the border between Tibet and Nepal. The mountain has spiritual significance for both Buddhists and Hindus. More than 1,300 people have reached the top of the mountain since Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay did it in 1953.
Climbing is a sport enjoyed by the adventurous at heart looking for a thrill. Some choose to fly planes, others like to engage in extreme sports like mountain climbing. Mountain climbing is a dangerous sport and needs to be taken seriously. Even then, it can be very dangerous. We will explore some of the facts, figures and other mountain climbing information below.
Mt. Everest is the highest mountain on earth, according to most sources. Carstenz Pyramid in Indonesia has also laid claim to this title, but most sources recognize Mt. Everest as being the tallest. The summit of the mountain is called “the roof of the world” for its location in the Himalaya mountain range between Nepal and Tibet.
It is located within a section of Nepal that allows only five expeditions per year. The deadly nature of the mountain and the limited amount of permits issued has created an intense competition for these spots.
There are two main routes to reach the summit of Everest. The first one is the South Col Route. This route starts at the southern base camp at 18,000 feet. After it leaves this camp, it reaches the south summit via the plateau between Camps I and II at 21,000 feet. From there, it goes up to the Geneva Spur, at 25,000 feet.
The second route is the North Col Route. This route starts at the northern base camp at 17,500 feet and reaches the north summit via the Yellow Band at 23,000 feet.
The most popular way to climb the mountain is with oxygen tanks. There are two methods of using oxygen tanks. The first is the “bail out” method, where a climber keeps the tank on at all times during the climb and only turns it down when they rest. With this method, a minimum of 4 tanks are needed, each with a capacity of 4,000ml. The second method is called the “siege” method.
With this method, climbers carry up to 6 tanks with them, each with a capacity of 4,500ml. They take them up in stages, turning them down when they rest.
There are two main climbing routes on the mountain. The first one is the traditional South Col Route that was used by Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay in their first ascent of the mountain. It is a more protected and comfortable route with more food and oxygen available. The other route is the highly technical and dangerous North Face, which has never been climbed. It was the route that was used by a Japanese team in 1986, which got to within 300 feet of the summit before deadly avalanches and harsh weather drove them back.
The first person to climb Mount Everest was a New Zealander called Sir Edmund Hillary. He reached the summit on May 29, 1953 with his fellow climber Tenzing Norgay. At the time, Tenzing Norgay was a member of the Sherpa people. They reached the summit after two previous failed attempts by British climbing teams.
Climbing Mount Everest is not just a dangerous sport, but also an expensive one. The cost of hiring professional guides and porters can run into the tens of thousands of dollars. There are other costs too. Travelling to Nepal can cost thousands of dollars too, and many people have to take time off work.
There is also the cost of gear and training. The mountain is so dangerous that western climbers are required to hire a guide from one of the local guiding companies. These guides charge anywhere from $3,000 to $6,000 for their services, not including tips. Many people also rent oxygen tanks from the mountain’s base camp, which can cost up to $700.
There is also the issue of getting enough food. Many climbers bring their own food and snacks with them, but due to the extended length of time that most expeditions take (most people spend at least two months on the mountain) they often run out of food. This means that high calorie, non-perishable foods are needed. These items can be very expensive.
There are no roads to the summit of Mount Everest. Most people travel to the mountain by plane, stopping first in Bangkok or Delhi. From there, it is a long trek to the base camp at 17,000 feet above sea level. After this, it’s a slow and steady climb to the top of the world.
Everest is a very isolated place. The closest cities are hundreds of miles away across some of the toughest terrain on Earth. This isolation is one of the biggest reasons that the mountain is so deadly. It can take days for rescue crews to reach fallen climbers, and in that time the fallen can freeze to death. There are no medical facilities on the mountain to help treat people, and it can often take days for injured climbers to be taken to hospitals.
The mountain is also very hard to navigate, even for people who are very familiar with it. The treacherous terrain and low visibility often leads to people getting lost. It can also be difficult to get equipment to the top of the mountain due to the fact that helicopters and other aircraft cannot fly that high. As a result, some of the mountain’s most experienced climbers have died while trying to get back down from the summit.
The lower reaches of the mountain are reasonably safe, so much so that guided groups often split up so that they don’t impede each other’s progress. It’s only once you get higher that the dangers really start to present themselves. The last few thousand feet to the summit are covered with patches of extremely loose rock and ice, meaning that people trying to climb can easily fall a long way if they’re not careful.
Everest is one of the world’s deadliest mountains. Since the first people reached the summit in 1953, more than 250 people have died on its slopes. This includes people who died while trying to reach the summit as well as those who died while trying to make their way back down again.
Climbing Mount Everest is a major challenge, but not an impossible one. Since the first people reached the summit in 1953, thousands of people have followed in their footsteps. For every two people that die on the mountain, another person reaches the summit. This article will examine some of the dangers that climbers face while attempting to reach the top of the world.
History Of Mount Everest
George Mallory and Andrew Irvine’s bodies, found in 1999 at 27,000 feet
The first confirmed sighting of Mount Everest was made in 1802 by British surveyor and astronomer Sir George Everest, for whom the mountain is named. Legend has it that in 1767, the mountain caught the eye of Tibetan monks who called it “Deodungha,” which means “Holy Mountain.”
Despite its stunning presence and great height, the mountain wasn’t considered a worthy goal for climbers until the late 1800s. In 1865, British surveyor William Stephen Molyneux attempted to reach the summit, but died in the attempt.
In the early 1900s, British mountaineer George Mallory made several expeditions to Mount Everest. The man was fascinated by the mountain, and he described it as “a problem worthy of attack.” He made several attempts to reach its summit, but had to turn back each time due to weather or other reasons. Despite the failure of his expeditions, he is famously quoted as saying, “Because it’s there,” when asked why he wanted to climb it. Many believe that this famous quote epitomizes the challenge and beauty of Mount Everest.
Mallory was killed in another mountain-climbing accident in 1924.
The first person to successfully summit Mount Everest was New Zealander Sir Edmund Hillary. In 1953, he and his climbing partner Tenzing Norgay ascended the south side of the mountain, reaching the summit on May 29. Upon finally reaching the top of what the pair believed to be “unclimbable” mountain, they embraced and shook hands in a successful effort that defined both of their careers.
However, the successful expedition almost turned deadly. As they made their descent, a snowstorm hit the mountain and Hillary was convinced they wouldn’t make it off the mountain alive. He and Norgay dug a hole in the snow and spent the night on the mountain. To keep warm, they crammed themselves into the tiniest ball possible and took turns sleeping. Norgay was certain they would die on the mountain that night.
While the pair made it down the mountain safely the next day, their relief was cut short when they discovered that three of their comrades hadn’t been so lucky. It was only then that they learned the truth about what happened to George Mallory and his climbing partner Andrew “Sandy” Irvine in 1924.
Other people have died trying to reach the summit of Mount Everest since 1953. While most of these deaths make major headlines all over the world, other deaths on the mountain have become legendary simply because they are so bizarre. In 1999, for example, renowned English alpinist Alison Hargreaves was killed by an avalanche that swept down the slopes of Mount Everest. Hargreaves was alone at the time and no one witnessed her death. She spent several years climbing in the Himalayas and had attempted to reach the summit of Mount Everest in 1995 as well.
Perhaps the most gruesome death on Mount Everest occurred in 2006 when a group of climbers became trapped in a snowstorm. The group was forced to remain at the 19,000 foot level of the mountain for six days until help could arrive and take them back down the mountain. When they were taken off the mountain, they had lost one member: Chinese mountaineer Ha Wenyi, who had turned into a bloody human Popsicle. His body was discovered in the wreckage of their camp chopped into pieces by an ice ax.
Whether you’re a thrill-seeker looking to achieve glory or just a normal person looking for a great view, there are many ways to experience Mount Everest. You can attempt to climb it from the mountain’s relatively safer Tibetan side or make things interesting (and slightly more dangerous) by attempting to climb it from the Nepalese side.
Whatever your reasons for wanting to climb Mount Everest, there’s no denying the mountain’s beauty and majesty. It’s a challenge that requires skill, training, dedication, and courage.
Are you ready to take on the challenge of a lifetime?
Just remember: it could be worse. You could be George Mallory.
You could also be Ha Wenyi.
Insider tip: Most people who attempt to climb Mount Everest travel with a climbing group. The easiest way to find one is to contact a tour agency in your home country. If you don’t want to do that, I suggest you join an organized group through a company like Jagged Globe.
The north side of Mount Everest was once thought to be impossible to climb. In the 1920s and 1930s, the British began making expeditions to the mountain to see if it could be scaled from this side.
During an expedition in 1921, the British made it to a point just over 19,000 feet before terrible weather conditions forced them to turn around. In 1922, George Mallory and Andrew “Sandy” Irvine tried to make it to the top from this side of the mountain but were never seen again. Some people believe that the pair made it to the summit before perishing in a fall.
The next year, another British expedition made it to just over 27,000 feet before having to turn back. A third expedition reached 27,100 feet in 1924 but ran out of supplies and had to retreat.
With each passing year, the mountain was becoming more and more conquerable. In 1935, a British team lead by Eric Shipton made it to an elevation of 28,200 feet.
In the early 1950s, a New Zealander by the name of Edmund Hillary (who would later become known for being the first person to ascend Mount Everest with Tenzing Norgay in 1953) made an assault on the mountain from the south. It was during this journey that he and his group discovered what is now known as “Base Camp,” which is located at 17,600 feet.
Shipton wanted to keep going but Hillary and the rest of the group voted to turn back, which Hillary later admitted was a good decision since the weather had reached a dangerous point due to warming temperatures.
While many people ascend from the south of Everest nowadays, the north side of the mountain remains more treacherous due to seracs and icefalls that can drop large chunks of ice without warning.
The most dangerous part of the northern face is the area known as the “Corridor” which is located between the Norton and East Rongbuk Glaciers. If you go too far to the right, you’ll either be hit by falling seracs or hit a dead end and be forced to retrace your steps.
If you go too far to the left, you could fall into a crevasse.
This is why the traverse is known as “Pratt’s Traverse” after Bill Pratt, one of the first climbers to traverse the Corridor.
Your group will be attempting to climb Mount Everest from the North Face. You’ll be going up through the icefall and reaching Camp I on the Lhotse Face. From there you’ll either have to ascend the West Ridge or go up the very steep North Face and through the treacherous “Corridor” to reach Camp III on the North Col.
From there, you’ll have to choose whether you want to go up the “neck” or take the very steep “North Face” (This is where Ed Viesturs nearly got himself killed in 1996 when he ran into the “Death Zone”).
Once you reach the summit, you’ll have to traverse back down the East Rongbuk Glacier, across the Geneva Spur, and down the North Face.
When you get back down to the base of the mountain, you’ll likely feel relieved to have survived such a harrowing experience.
That is until your group is attacked by a Yeti. Good luck!
NOTE: Once again, this event is strictly for adults. This is NOT a children’s book. If you are under the age of 18, please do not read any further. Thank you!
For the first few days you feel fairly optimistic. The weather is holding out and your group has managed to reach 25,000 feet with little trouble other than the bitter cold. You’ve all managed to develop a routine of taking turns at the lead. One person will get warmed up by climbing up a few hundred feet, placing fixed ropes for the rest of the group, and then return to camp.
Unfortunately, not everyone is strong enough to make it to the top. One of the team members, a British man by the name of Thomas, has developed serious health issues. His breathing is weak and he’s having a difficult time keeping up. In fact, he’s been slowing the group down so much that the Sherpa team decide that they’re going to refuse to carry him any longer.
If you want to stay with the group you’ll have to leave Thomas behind.
If you decide to stay with him, he’ll slowly make his way down, but it’ll be at a pace that will leave the rest of the group too far ahead for you to ever rejoin them. You also run the risk of not having enough supplies to survive the journey back down the mountain.
If you decide to leave him, you’ll have all the supplies you could possibly want and a reasonable chance of getting back down the mountain alive. However, the guilt of leaving a man to die could affect your decision making for the rest of the climb.
Sources & references used in this article:
- EMPLATE-0 (MD RoCkville – Citeseer)