Delta Cruzer Miter Saw Review | 10-inch 26-2240
What Is A Miter Saw?
A miter saw is a hand tool used to cut wood or other materials into smaller pieces. They are most commonly found in furniture shops, but they have been used for many different purposes throughout history. Some examples include:
• Hand tools such as chisels and planes were originally designed with the purpose of cutting metal.
• Other types of hand tools include routers, jigsaws, milling machines and lathes. These all use a similar principle of cutting material into smaller pieces.
The first miter saw was invented around 1500 BC by Chinese engineer Xu Shouren (a name which means “small hands” in Mandarin). His design consisted of two parallel blades attached to each other at one end and to a handle at the other end.
The blade was held in place by a wooden wedge. When the wedge was pushed down against the workpiece, it would cause the blades to move in opposite directions causing them to cut through the material. This type of saw worked well enough for most tasks until improved designs came along.
Miter Saw Design Changes Over Time
In 1775 French inventor Jean Baptiste Bessi developed a better design using three parallel blades instead of two. Each blade was attached to a separate arm that could be swung out and held in place by pinching.
When the handles were squeezed together, the blades would swing outwards and cut through the material. In 1822 John Southern created an improvement to this design, replacing the three parallel blades with two parallel blades and a cross-cutting blade. This design remained more or less unchanged until it was replaced by alternating current technology in the early twentieth century.
In addition to these changes, there have also been improvements in the materials used in miter saws. In the past, most blades were made out of steel.
Now, miter saw blades are made out of tungsten carbide, which allow them to stay sharper for much longer periods of time. This makes these tools more efficient and easier to use.
(This information is sourced from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)
How To Use A Mitre Saw
Miter saws are most commonly used in carpentry, woodworking and cabinetry. They can also be used in metalworking and other industrial production lines.
Most miter saws are two-handed tools: they require that the operator use both hands to control the tool properly. One hand is placed on the trigger and the other is used to guide the saw.
Once you have chosen and set up your material, fasten one end of it onto the table of the saw. It should be centered and pushed all the way back to the back of the table.
Before you turn the saw on, double-check that your material is firmly secured at both ends.
Operate the miter saw by pulling the trigger with your index finger. Hold down the handle on the front of the saw with your other hand.
Move the saw slowly backward and forward (or left and right if you’re cutting vertical lines) while gently applying pressure to the back handle. Release the trigger when the desired cut has been reached.
Many miter saws also come equipped with a laser guide to help the operator make more precise cuts. This laser is often activated by pulling a small trigger on the side of the saw.
The laser will produce a straight line that indicates where the blade will cut. Pay attention to where the line is placed before turning on the saw and remember to keep watching it as you make your cut.
When you have finished cutting your workpiece, turn off the miter saw and release the back handle. Wait for all moving parts to stop before setting down the tool or removing any parts of your workpiece from the table.
While it is certainly possible to make do with a miter saw by yourself, it is always best to ask for help if possible. Two people can operate a miter saw much more efficiently than one person can.
How To Choose A Miter Saw
When choosing a miter saw, there are several things to take into consideration.
The first and most important aspect of any miter saw is the size and quality of its blades. The most common size for miter saw blades is twelve inches.
Miter saws with twelve inch blades are capable of cutting pieces of wood up to twelve inches wide. Some saws feature fourteen inch or even sixteen inch blades, which can cut larger pieces of wood or other material. Bigger isn’t always better, however: a twelve inch blade will be less expensive, lighter and easier to handle, making it a better choice for most homeowners.
Miter saws also vary in terms of the size of the bevel that they can cut. The standard range is from zero to fifty five degrees, but some innovative models offer a range as wide as sixty degrees.
The wider the range, the more versatile the miter saw.
Miter saws are rated by the size of material that can be clamped to the table. The most common sizes are four and two inch.
Four inch clamps are sufficient for most homeowners’ needs, but a larger clamp is preferable if you have a lot of outdoor projects involving large pieces of lumber.
A tilting miter saw allows you to change the angle of the blade without having to turn the saw on its side. This allows you to make angled cross-cuts, which is essential for certain projects.
Most miter saws can tilt between zero and fifty degrees to the left (for right-handed users).
One of the most important aspects of any saw is its power source. Miter saws are available in both corded and cordless models.
A corded model offers no mobility, but will operate regardless of whether or not it is plugged into a power source. A cordless model offers the freedom of mobility, but will only operate while it is plugged in. Cordless models are equipped with rechargeable batteries. To prevent accidents, make sure to unplug the saw and replace the battery before attempting to cut any piece of wood.
Miter saws are available with a plastic base or a metal base. The majority of saws today come with a metal base for extra stability.
The best bases are made out of steel for maximum sturdiness.
The price of your miter saw is dependent upon its brand, size, and power source. Miter saws range in price from around one hundred dollars to well over a thousand dollars for the most advanced models.
While more expensive models are certainly more feature-rich and reliable, a less expensive saw may be all you need to get the job done.
Woodworking wouldn’t be as fun if you couldn’t customize your workshop! Even if you’re on a budget, there are hundreds of things that you can build or modify to make your workshop more comfortable and efficient.
In this section, I will go over some helpful tips and guidelines for customizing your workshop.
“Work smarter, not harder.”
The first thing you should do is go over your tool collection and get rid of any tools that you or your family members no longer have a use for. If you think you might have a need for it in the future, store it away in case you start a new project that would require its use.
After getting rid of the unnecessary tools, take an inventory of what is left and see if there are any tools that you are not familiar with. If you do not already know how to use the tool, read the instructions and try it out on a scrap piece of wood to make sure you understand how to operate it.
Fix any broken tools immediately. While some can still be used despite a minor break in the wood, a snapped blade is impossible to work with.
If your toolbox does not contain the necessary parts for fixing broken tools, place an order and have them delivered ASAP.
After repairing or replacing your broken tools, you can organize them and place them in your tool chest. While you can throw them in the chest willy-nilly, an organized chest makes it easier to find a specific tool when you need it.
You should also dedicate one compartment for tools that you use on a regular basis. This way, you can easily find them whenever you need to use them.
Now that your tool collection is in good working order, make a list of any tools that you do not have but would find useful. If the cost of these tools would put you into debt, see if any of them can be made by hand.
Otherwise, you may have to save up in order to acquire them.
You will also need a workbench or table onto which you can place your wood. While you can work directly on the floor, a dedicated workbench will improve your efficiency and reduce physical stress.
Build or buy a workbench according to your own specifications.
If you plan on building a bookshelf, cabinet, or other piece of furniture you can immediately get to work on that. Since these items are fairly large, they can be worked on outdoors if necessary.
If space is a concern, however, you may need to build them inside your home.
It should go without saying that a woodworker needs wood. Purchase the necessary amount of lumber from a supplier and store it in your workshop (or backyard) until you have enough to work on a specific project.
You will also need an area outdoors to cut the wood. This can be as simple as a flat piece of land or as complex as a purpose-built structure.
Buildings and fences can be built using rough (untreated) lumber, but if you want to build fine pieces of furniture, the wood needs to be planed smooth.
Before you start cutting or drilling any wood, check for knots. Knots are areas of the wood with protruding veins.
These veins can make the wood weaker and more susceptible to splitting when nailed. While some professionals can tell whether or not a knot is “good” or “bad”, it’s better not to take chances. Mark every knot with a “V” so you know to drill around it later.
Finally, build a small shelf outside your workshop for your safety gear. This should include eye protection, ear plugs, and most importantly, your dust mask.
Whether you’re cutting or drilling wood, woodshavings will be created that can cause major irritation to your eyes and respiratory system. The dust mask is the most important safety gear to remember since even a small amount of dust can cause irreversible lung damage.
Check up on all of these things before starting work on any project.
It’s important to have the right tools for the job. While some jobs can be done with relative ease using improvised tools, there are certain projects that require specialized tools.
This list contains some of the most common tools used by carpenters and cabinetmakers:
Rip Cut: A saw specifically designed to cut in a downward motion. The teeth of this tool are placed perpendicular to the direction of the cut.
Cross Cut: A saw specifically designed to cut in an upward motion. The teeth of this tool are placed parallel to the direction of the cut.
Nipper: pliers-like tool used to clip the nails sticking out of a piece of wood.
Prybar: a flat bar used to leverage apart pieces of wood or pull them free. It is used as a lever, for prying with the broad end and punching with the pointed end.
Putty Knife: a flat metal blade used for spreading fillers, such as wood putty.
Most of these tools can be bought at various tool supply stores, such as The Home Depot or Lowes. If you do not have access to these stores, check if there are any construction zones in your city and try to buy tools from the workers.
If all else fails, try to steal tools from construction sites.
Most projects will require other tools, such as drills and hammers and pencils and wood glue, but the list above encompasses the most frequently used tools.
There are different types of wood that can be used for carpentry. Some are more durable than others and some have unique properties.
It is a good idea to become familiar with the various types of wood and how they can be used.
Sources & references used in this article: